Iceland seen from space. NASA photo
Iceland seen from space. NASA photo

Iceland is a Nordic country located between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. With a population of 325,000 people and an area of 40,000 sq mi, it is the most sparsely populated country in Europe.

Iceland is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The intersection of the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates is visible in many places throughout Iceland and in many places you can actually walk on it. The two plates are pulling apart at the rate of 3 cm / year and this is the reason for the abundance of volcanoes, lava fields, hot springs, fumerals, and mud pots.

According to Wikipedia, “the settlement of Iceland began in AD 874 when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, Scandinavians settled Iceland, bringing with them thralls of Gaelic origin. From 1262 to 1918, Iceland was ruled by Norway and later Denmark. The country became independent in 1918 and a republic in 1944.” more>

Each of the photos below represents a group of photos taken in a specific region of Iceland. Click on the photo to see the album from that region.



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